4.0 TILLAGE IMPLEMENTS

 

4.1

M.B plough

4.2

Reversible Two Bottom M.B Plough

4.3

Disc Plough

4.4

Tyne Type Cultvator

4.5

Duckfoot Cultivator

4.6

Rotavator

4.7

Pulverizing Roller

4.8

Paddy Harrow/Puddler

 

4.1 M.B PLOUGH

 

MOULD BOARD PLOUGH

 

Features

It is a tractor-operated implement and consists of share point, share, mould board, landslide, frog, shank, frame and three point hitch system. The share point is of bar type and is made from high carbon steel or low alloy steel. The share is also made from high carbon steel or low alloy steel. Both are hardened and tempered to suitable hardness (about 45 ARC). The working of the plough is controlled by hydraulic system lever and three-point linkage. Its bar point makes it suitable to break hardpan of the soil. 

Specifications:

 

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Weight (kg)

Power  requirement  ( hp/kW)

 

 

:      1778

:      889

:      1092

:      253

:      45/33.75, tractor

 

Uses:  

It is used for primary tillage operations. It cuts trash and buries it completely into the soil. It is also used for turning green manure crop for decaying under the soil, which adds humus to the soil.  It is also used for turning and mixing compost, farmyard manure or lime into the soil.

 Cost of Machine : Rs.30,000/- 

 

 

 

4.2 REVERSIBLE TWO BOTTOM M.B  PLOUGH

Features 

The two bottom reversible plough is a unique implement, which is directly mounted to the tractor.  This is a hydraulically /mechanically operated basic implement for preparation of land.  It is very useful for primary tillage in hard and dry trashy land.  The Mould Board (M.B) retains their mirror finish at all time contributing to well turned furrows.  The plough has special wear resistant steel bottoms with bar points for toughest ploughing jobs.  Bar point bottom ensures longer life as it can be extended or reversed.  The M.B bottom reversing mechanism is operated by a lever provided on the distributor.  When the implement is hitched, plough bottom is free to rotate 180 degree along the axis of the hollow shaft.

 

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Weight (kg)

Plough bottom

Area covered (ha / h)

Field efficiency (%)

Power requirement (hp/kW)                  

 

 

:    320

:    367 (at front)

:    260

:    Four (Two on each side)

:    0.20 to 0.25

:    90

:   65/48.75 & above

 

Uses:  

I t is used for primary tillage operation and does not leave any dead furrow or uneven and sunken   spots in the field. The bottoms are so arranged that the right turning bottoms can be quickly replaced with a set that turns the soil to the left. 

Cost: Rs 60,000- 1, 20,000

 

4.2 REVERSIBLE TWO BOTTOM M.B  PLOUGH

Features 

The two bottom reversible plough is a unique implement, which is directly mounted to the tractor.  This is a hydraulically /mechanically operated basic implement for preparation of land.  It is very useful for primary tillage in hard and dry trashy land.  The Mould Board (M.B) retains their mirror finish at all time contributing to well turned furrows.  The plough has special wear resistant steel bottoms with bar points for toughest ploughing jobs.  Bar point bottom ensures longer life as it can be extended or reversed.  The M.B bottom reversing mechanism is operated by a lever provided on the distributor.  When the implement is hitched, plough bottom is free to rotate 180 degree along the axis of the hollow shaft.

 

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Weight (kg)

Plough bottom

Area covered (ha / h)

Field efficiency (%)

Power requirement (hp/kW)                  

 

 

:    320

:    367 (at front)

:    260

:    Four (Two on each side)

:    0.20 to 0.25

:    90

:   65/48.75 & above

 

 Uses:  

I t is used for primary tillage operation and does not leave any dead furrow or uneven and sunken   spots in the field. The bottoms are so arranged that the right turning bottoms can be quickly replaced with a set that turns the soil to the left. 

Cost: Rs 60,000- 1, 20,000 

4.3 DISC PLOUGH

 

Features 

The plough consists of common mainframe, disc beam assemblies, rockshaft category l or category -2, a heavy spring loaded furrow wheel and a gauge wheel. In some models disc plough is designed to operate as 2, 3 or 4 bottom, by adding or removing the sub-beam assemblies according to requirement. The disc angle ranges from 40 to 450 to obtain the desired width of cut and the tilt angle ranges from 15 to 250 for penetration. The discs of the plough are made of high carbon steel or alloy steel and the edges are hardened and sharpened. The discs are mounted on tapered roller bearings. Scrapers prevent soil build up on the discs in sticky soils. The furrow slice rides along the curvature and is pulverized to some extent before being thrown. 

Specifications

 

Number of furrows

Disc size (mm)

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Width of cut per disc (mm)

Adjustable working width (mm)

Working depth (mm)

Weight (kg))

Power requirement (hp/kW)

 

 

:      2-4

:      600-800

:     1180-2362

:     889-1194

:     1092-1118

:     200-300

:     600-1200

:     up to 300

:     236-376

:      35-50/26.25-37.5, tractor

 

Uses:  

Disc plough is used for primary tillage operation and is especially useful in hard and dry, trashy, stony or stumpy land conditions and in soil where scouring is a major problem. 

Cost of Machine : Rs.30,000/-

 

 

 

 4.4 TYNE TYPE CULTIVATOR

                      

LIGHT DUTY RIGID TYNE CULTIVATOR

DENMARK TYPE SPRING LOADED TILLER

 

Features 

Cultivator consists of a frame, tynes fixed with reversible shovels, 3-pont hitch system and heavy-duty springs. These cultivators may or may not be fitted with springs. The function of springs is to save the cultivator tynes from breaking when some hard object comes in contact with the shovel or under the tyne. The shovels are made of heat-treated steel for longer life. The implement is mounted type and is controlled by the hydraulic system of the tractor. 

 

Specifications

 

Length(mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Number of tynes

Diameter of spring wire (mm)

Power requirement (hp/kW)

 

 

 

:       1960-3000

:       970-1560

:      1070-1350

:       9-13

:       9.5

:       35/26.5,   tractor

 

Uses:  

Cultivators are used for seedbed preparation both in dry and wet soils. It is also used for intercultural purpose by adjusting the tynes in wider row crops. It is also used for puddling purposes. 

Cost of Machine : Rs.25,000 - Rs 30,000/- 

 

 

4.5 DUCKFOOT  CULTIVATOR

 

Features: 

The duckfoot cultivator consists of a box type steel rectangular frame, rigid tines and sweeps. The sweeps are triangular in shape similar to foot of duck, hence called duckfoot cultivator. The sweeps are made from old leaf spring steel and fixed to tines with fasteners, which makes them replaceable after being worn out or becoming dull. The tines are made of mild steel flat and forged to shape.  It is a tractor-mounted implement and depth of operation is controlled by hydraulic system. The sweep cultivator is popular in black cotton soils. This cultivator is mostly used in hard soils for shallow ploughing. 

Specification:

Number of sweeps                          :        5,7,9

Length (mm)                                   :        1980-2810:

Width (mm)                                    :         830-1150

Height (mm)                                   :        1000-1050

Weight (Kg)                                   :        200 -300

Power requirement (hp/kW)           :         25-50/18.75-37.5, tractor

Uses:  

Used for primary tillage operation, destruction of weeds and retention of soil moisture

Cost of Machine : Rs.25,000/-

 

 

4.6 ROTAVATOR

 

Features

It consists of a steel frame with three point hitch system, a rotary shaft on which blades are mounted, power transmission system, and gearbox. The blades are of L-shape, made from medium carbon steel or alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. The PTO of tractor drives the rotavator blades. Rotary motion of the PTO is transmitted to the shaft carrying the blades through gearbox and transmission system. A good seedbed and pulverization of the soil is achieved in a single pass of the rotavator. The power requirement will vary depending upon the width of the rotavator. The horse power of the tractor used will depend on the size of the rotavator.

 

Specifications:

Length (mm)                                                     :   

Width (mm)                                                      :

Height (mm)                                                     :

Working width of rotavator (mm)                    :

Shape of blade                                                  :

Orientation of blade (degrees)                          :

Length of blade along the flange (mm)            :

Length of blade along the rotor shaft (mm)     :                      

Distance between consecutive flanges (mm)   :

Total number of flanges                                   :

Number of blades per flange                            :

Diameter of rotor shaft (mm)                           :

Rotor diameter (mm)                                        :

Revolution of rotor shaft (rpm)                        :

Weight (kg)                                                      :                    

 

  1760-2080

  950-1050

  935-1110

  1000-2000

  L-Shape

  45 -47

  160-170

  115-130

    213-220

  6-8

  6

  70-90

  420-435

  210-237

  280-415

Power source(hp/kW)                                      :          35-50/26.25-37.5, tractor

Uses:

It is suitable for preparing seedbed in a single pass both in dry and wetland conditions. It is also suitable for incorporating straw and green manure in the field.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.80,000/-

 

 

 

4.7 PULVERISING ROLLER

 

Features

 

Pulverizing roller is an attachment to a commercially available cultivator. The pulverizing roller consists of star wheels, central shaft, pulverizing members, mounting link and depth controlling wheel. The pulverizing members are similar in shape to lawn mower blades and are inserted in the cast star wheels in such a way that it forms helical shape and progressively come in contact with soil and breaks it. The roller is attached to the cultivator with the help of two mounting links having bearing housing on one side and tensile springs on other side.

 

Specifications:

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Working width (mm)

Number of star wheels

Distance between star wheels (mm)

Material of star wheel

Shaft diameter (m)

Number of pulverizing members

Number of springs

Weight of the machine (kg)

Power requirement (hp/kW)

 

 

:      950

:      2340-2760

:      390

:      2010-2385

:      6

:     400-475

:     Cast iron

:      35

:      6

:      2

:      115-125

:      35/26.25, tractor or above

 

Uses:  

Pulverizing rollers are used for puddling as well as dry seed bed preparation. In two runs it creates good puddled field. It saves 20-35 % fuel consumption and 20-30 % water requirement in comparison to traditional method. 

Cost of Machine : Rs.30,000/-

 

 

4.8 PADDY  HARROW/PUDDLER

Features 

Paddy Harrow is used for puddling for rice field in wet condition.  It consists of two gangs of 8-discs mounted on a box frame in tandem.  This is mounted on three point linkages of tractor and a wooden planker is attached at the rear-side of the harrow for leveling the field.  It requires 40-45 hp tractor.  The angle of the gangs can be adjusted with the help of a lever.

 

Specifications

 

No. of Gangs

Gang Bolt

Distance Between Discs (mm)

Number of Disc

Disc Diameter (mm)

Type of Discs

Hubs

Width of Cut (mm)

Total Weight (kg)

Power Required (HP)

 

 

:       Two Nos.

:       2.5cm Square Solid Bar

:       152

:       16

:       508

:       Plain

:       Bracket Spools

:       Adjustable

:       62 

:       40-45/30-33.85, tractor

 

Uses:  

By this implement, puddling in wet rice field is done smoothly, quickly and efficiently.    

Cost of Machine : Rs.25,000/-