4.0 TILLAGE IMPLEMENTS

 

 
4.1 M.B Plough 4.2 Disc Plough
4.3 Tractor Mounted Cultivator  4.4 Disc Harrow
4.5 Rotavator 4.6 Post-Hole Digger

DSC003444.1 M.B.PLOUGH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Features:

It is tractor operated implement and it consists of share point, share, mould board, landside, frog, shank, frame and hitch system. The share point is of bar type and is made from high carbon steel or low alloy steel. The share is also made from high carbon steel or low alloy steel. Both are hardened and tempered to suitable hardness (about 45 ARC). The working of the plough is controlled by hydraulic system of the tractor. Mould board plough is a primary tillage implement.

 Specification:

No. of plough bottoms               :        2 - 4                   

Length (mm)                                :        1778-2392

Width (mm)                                :        889-1194

Height (mm)                                :        1092-1092

Weight (kg)                                 :        253-386

Capacity (ha/day)                      :        1.5-2.0         

Power requirement(hp/kW)      :            30-40 /22.5-30, tractor                                                                                                                                                                                                TOP

 Uses:

This is used for primary tillage operations. It cuts trash and buries it completely. It is also used for turning green manure crop for decaying under the soil, which adds humus to the soil. It is also used for turning and mixing compost, farmyard manure or lime into the soil.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Cost (Rs) :     25,000-40,000

DSC04509

4.2 DISC PLOUGH

 

 

 

 

 

 

Features:

The plough consists of common main frame, disc beam assemblies, rockshaft category-1 or category-2, a heave spring loaded furrow wheel and a gauge wheel. In some model disc plough is designed to operate as 2, 3 or 4 bottoms, by adding or removing sub beams the sub beam assemblies according to requirement. The disc angle ranges from 40-450 to obtain the desired width of cut and the tilt angle ranges from 15-25 0 for penetration. Disc plough is used for primary tillage and it is specially used where M.B. Plough is not useful such as hard and dry soil.

 Specification:

Number of furrows                                   :           2-4

Disc size (mm)                              :           600-800

Length (mm)                                             :           1180-2362

Width (mm)                                              :           889-1194

Height (mm)                                             :           1092-1118

Width of cut per disc (mm)                       :           200-300                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TOP

Adjustable working width (mm)            :           600-1200

Working depth (mm)                                :           up to 300              

Weight (kg)                                            :           236-376

Power requirement (hp/kW)                  :            25-50/18.75- 37.5, tractor

Uses:

Disc plough is used for primary tillage and is especially useful in hard and dry, trashy, stony or stumpy land conditions and in soil where scoring is a major problem

 Cost  (Rs)  :    30,000-45,000

DSC052724.3 TYNE TYPE CULTIVATOR

 

 

 

 

 

Features:

Cultivator consists of a frame, tynes (fixed or spring loaded) having reversible shovels and 3-pont hitch system. Cultivators are primarily used for intercultural operation after the crop has come up a few centimeters above the ground. But cultivator is also used for opening the land, preparing the seed bed and sowing of the seeds as well cultivators for the secondary tillage are available as animal drawn and tractor drawn. In medium and light soil duck foot type cultivators are also used for primary tillage operation.

Specification:

Duck foot type cultivator

Number of sweep                                       :      5-7

Length (mm)                                              :      1980-2310

Width (mm)                                               :       839-1150

Height (mm)                                              :      1000-1050

Weight (kg)                                               :      200-300

Power requirement (hp/kW)                     :      25-50/18.75-37.5, tractor       

 Shovel type cultivator

Number of tynes                                       :      7-11

Cutting width (mm)                                  :      1500-2400                                     

Cutting depth (mm)                                  :      175-225                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   TOP

Weight (kg)                                              :      127-350

Power requirement (hp/kW)                    :      25-60/18.75- 45, tractor

 Uses:

Duck foot type cultivator is used for tillage operation, destruction of weeds and retention of soil moisture. Shovel type cultivator is used for seed bed preparation, also used for intercultural operation by adjusting the tynes as per row spacing.

 Cost (Rs)  : 15,000-25,000

4.4 DISC HARROW

offset-disc-harrow-1offset-disc-harrow-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Features: 

The tractor mounted disc harrow consists of two gangs of discs mounted one behind the other. The disc on front gang throws soil outwards and the rear gang inward. Therefore, no soil remains uncut by the offset disc harrow. Disc harrow is secondary tillage implement. It is used after the primary tillage. It is used to break the clods developed during primary tillage operation.

 Specification:

Length (mm)                                         :      1980-2260

Width (mm)                                          :      1150-1900

Height (mm)                                         :      1143-1350

Number of discs                                   :      10-16

Diameter of discs (mm)                       :      457-660

Pitch of discs                                        :      228-280

Weight (kg)                                          :      330-490                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TOP

Capacity (ha/day)                                 :      2.5

Power requirement (hp/kW)                :      20-60/15-45, tractor          

 Uses:  

It is suitable for secondary tillage operation for breaking clods and preparing seed bed for sowing purpose. It has provision to change the disc angle. Offset type disc harrows can be used for doing interculture in horticultural crops. 

 Cost (Rs)  :  25,000-60,000

DSC04461Rotary Tiller4.5 ROTAVATOR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Features:

It consists of a steel frame, 3-point hitch system, a rotary shaft on which blades are mounted, power transmission system and a gearbox. The blades are of L-shape, made from medium carbon steel or alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness It uses the power from tractor PTO. Rotavator is used as both primary and secondary tillage operations. A good seedbed and pulverization of the soil is achieved in a single pass of the rotavator. It is used in both dry land and wet land conditions. It is also suitable for incorporating straw and manure in the field. The power requirement will vary depending upon the width of the rotavator.

Specification:

Weight  (kg)                             :           230-310

Working width   (mm)   :           1200-1720

Working depth   (mm)              :           80-100

Rotor speed  (rpm)                   :           210-240

Capacity  (ha/hr)                     :           0.38-0.5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             TOP

Power Source(hp/kW)             :           30-65 /37.5-48.75, tractor  

 Uses:

It is used as both primary as well as secondary tillage operations. It is also useful for puddling the field before paddy transplanting. It is available with C shape and L shape blades to work in different soil types and trashy conditions. It has provision for transmission of power to rotar blades either on one side or both the sides.

 Cost  (Rs) :      70,000-1,00,000

4.6 POST-HOLE DIGGER

                           

Features:

It consists of a frame, three point hitch system and a auger. For operation of auger, it gets drive from tractor PTO shaft. The diameter and the depth of hole can be changed by changing auger assembly. It is used to dig pits for planting trees as well as digging pits for fencing purpose.

 Specification:

Field capacity  (pits/h)        :          12

Size of the augers  (mm)                 :          200, 250, 300

Cost of operation (Rs./pit)             :          12-15

Power Source(hp/kW)                  :          35 /26.25, tractor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           TOP

 Uses:

It is used for digging holes for plantation/horticulture crops. Also used to dig holes for farm fencing. Twin hole post-hole diggers are also available and they are used for planting sugarcane by ring pit method. Power driven manually handled version of post hole diggers are also available. The size of the hole to be made can be varied as per the requirement by attaching the different size cutting blades.

 Cost (Rs) :   70,000-1,25,000