8.0 HARVESTING EQUIPMENT

8.1 Self- Propelled Vertical Conveyor Reaper 8.2 Tractor Mounted Vertical Conveyer Reaper
8.3 Self-propelled Riding Type Vertical Conveyer Reaper 8.4 Self-propelled-reaper binder
8.5 Self-propelled Combine Harvester 8.6 Self-propelled Combine Harvester for Maize
8.7 Sugarcane Harvester 8.8 Cotton Picker
8.9 Straw Baler 8.10 Straw Reaper / Straw Combine
8.11 Groundnut Harvester  

 

8.1 SELF-PROPELLED VERTICAL CONVEYOR REAPER

Features:

It is an engine operated, walk behind type harvester suitable for harvesting and windrowing cereals & oilseed crops. The reaper consists of engine, power transmission box, pneumatic wheels, cutter bar, crop row dividers, conveyor belts with lugs, star wheels, operating controls and a sturdy frame. The engine power is transmitted to cutter bar and conveyor belts through belt pulleys. During forward motion of the reaper, crop row dividers divide the crop, which come in contact with cutter bar, where shearing of crop stems takes place. The cut crop is conveyed to one side of the machine by the conveyor belt fitted with lugs and is windrowed in the field. The crop is bundled manually and transported to threshing yard.

 

Specifications:

Dimensions (LxWxH) (mm)

Weight (kg)

Number of crop dividers

Length of cutter bar (mm)

Cutter bar pitch (mm)

Number of strokes/min

Power requirement (hp/kW)

 

:      2450 x 1200 x 1000

:      145

:      4

:      1000

:      75

:      700 (0.8 m/s average speed)

:      5/3.75, diesel engine

Uses:

It is suitable for harvesting rice, wheat, soybean and other cereals and oilseeds.

Cost of Machine : Rs.80,000/-

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8.2 TRACTOR MOUNTED VERTICAL CONVEYOR REAPER

 

Features:

The machine consists of a 76 mm pitch reciprocating cutter bar assembly, seven crop row dividers, two vertical conveyor belts fitted with lugs. pressure springs, pulleys and gearbox for the power transmission system. The crop row dividers are fitted in front of the cutter bar assembly and the star wheels are mounted over the crop row dividers. The machine is mounted in front of the tractor and the power to the machine is given from tractor PTO with the help of intermediate shaft running beneath the chassis of the tractor and a coupling shaft. Height of the machine above ground is controlled by tractor hydraulics with the help of pulleys and steel ropes.  After the crop is cut by the cutter bar, it is held in a vertical position and crop is delivered to one side of the machine by lugged belt conveyors and fall on the ground in the form of a windrow perpendicular to the direction of movement of the machine.

 

Specifications

Number of star wheels                           

Diameter of star wheel (mm) 

Effective cutter bar width (mm) 

Guard spacing (mm) 

Cutter bar stroke length (mm) 

Stroke per minute 

Size of belt conveyer (cm) 

Width of belt (mm) 

Diameter of conveyor pulley (mm) 

Cutter bar length (mm) 

Weight (kg) 

Power source (hp/kW)

 

:      7

:      270-282

:      2000-2210

:      70-80

:      75-80

:      388-675

:      2-3 ply

:      55-60

:      118-140

:      1600-2010

:      197-350

:      35/26.5, tractor

Uses:

Vertical conveyor reaper is used for harvesting and windrowing of wheat and paddy crops.

Cost of Machine : Rs.45,000/-

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8.3 SELF-PROPELLED RIDING TYPE REAPER

Features:

The riding type vertical conveyor reaper is a self-propelled unit in which the operator rides on the machine. Drive is given by means of two large pneumatic wheels and steering is by rear idlers. The prime mover is a 6 hp/4.5 kW diesel engine. Convenient clutch, break, steering, hydraulic system and simple power transmission are provided for ease of operation. It consists of crop row divider star wheel cutter bar (76.2 mm), conveyor belt and wire spring etc. This reaper has two forward and one reverse speed.

Specifications:

Overall Dimensions

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Weight (kg)

Operating speed (km/h)

Total grain losses (%)

Field capacity (ha/h)

Fuel consumption (l)

Field efficiency (%)

Labour requirement (man-h/ha)

Power requirement(hp/kW)

 

:      3185

:      1900

:      1450

:      1530

:      3.0-3.5

:      5.0-5.9

:      0.25-0.30

:      0.90-1.15

:      60-70

:      5-6

:      6/4.5, engine

Uses: 

It is suitable for harvesting rice, wheat, soybean and other cereals and oilseed crops.

Cost of Machine : Rs.1,20,000/-

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8.4 SELF-PROPELLED REAPER BINDER

Features:

Reaper-Binder is a unique harvesting machine that reaps the crop as well as binds it simultaneously with a twine.  This Innovative Mechanical machine ensures 100% recovery of straw with negligible grain losses at a surprisingly low cost of operation.  This machine is mainly used in Wheat, Paddy, Oats, Barley and other grain crops. 

Specifications:

Width of Cut (mm)

Height of Cut (mm)

Area Covered (ha/h)

Engine(hp/kW)

Gear

Weight of Machine (Kg)

 

: 1200

: 30-50

: 0.4

: 10.2 /5.1 Air Cooled Diesel

: 4 Forward & 1 Reverse

: 400

Uses:

  • Harvesting and Binding of Grain Crops in a single operation.
  • Used for Grain crops of height up to 85 to 110 cm.
  • Harvesting and Binding of 0.40 ha field in 1 hour, with consumption of 1 liter diesel only.
  • Different cutter bar can also be attached to the same machine for harvesting berseem, mentha, lucern, paddy stubbles and other fodder crops.

Cost of Machine : Rs.2,00,000/

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8.5 SELF-PROPELLED COMBINE HARVESTER

 

 

Features;

The combine harvester consists of cutting unit, threshing unit and cleaning and grain handling units. The cutting section includes reel, cutter bar, an auger and a feeder conveyer. Threshing section has threshing cylinder, concave and cylinder beater. The cleaning section mainly consists of walker, chaffer sieve, grain collection pan. The grain handling section consists of a grain elevator and a discharge auger. The crop after being cut is delivered to the cylinder and concave assembly through feeder conveyor where it is threshed and the grains and straw is separated in different sections. The grain can be directly loaded into the trolley.

 

 

Specifications:

Cutter bar length (mm)

Cutting height (mm)

Threshing drum diameter (mm)

Threshing drum length (mm)

Threshing drum speed (rpm)

Length of upper sieve (mm)

Width of upper sieve (mm)

Length of lower sieve (mm)

Width of lower sieve (mm)

Grain tank capacity (cubic meter)

Road speeds (km/h)

Weight (kg)

Power Source (hp/kW)

 

 

:      4300

:      550-1250

:      605

:      1240

:      540-1050

:      1240

:      1215

:      1240

:      1215

:      3.28

:      2 -11.4

:      8200

:      90-110, engine 

 

Uses:

Combines are used for cutting, threshing and cleaning of cereal and other crops in one operation.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.14-16 lakh

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8.6 SELF-PROPELLED COMBINE HARVESTER FOR MAIZE

Features:

The combine harvester consists of a cutting unit, threshing unit and cleaning and grain handling units. The cutting section is specially designed to harvest maize crop and the header can be fitted to conventional grain combines. Threshing section has threshing cylinder, concave and cylinder beater. The cleaning section mainly consists of walker, chaffer sieve, grain collection pan. The grain handling section consists of a grain elevator and a discharge auger. The crop after being cut is delivered to the cylinder and concave assembly through feeder conveyor where it is threshed and the grains and straw is separated in different sections.

Specification:

Cutter Bar Width (mm)

Cutting Height (mm)

No. of Rows

Row Spacing (mm)

Size of threshing drum, Dia x Length (mm)

Type of Threshing drum

Speed of threshing drum (rpm)

Concave Clearance (mm)

Number of Straw Walkers

Area of straw walkers (m2)

Cleaning area (m2)

Overall Dimension (l x b)  (mm)

Min. Ground Clearance (mm)

Weight (kg).

Working capacity (ha/h)

 Power requirement(hp/kW)

 

:      3650

:      100- 1000

:      5/7

:      460- 685

:      600 x 1260

:      Rasp Bar

:     535 to 1210rpm

:      3-16

:      5

:      0.89

:      25

:      1500 x 4500

:      460

:      9000

:      1.00

:      75-110 56-82, Engine 

Uses:

Maize Combine is used for cutting, threshing and cleaning of Maize and can be used for harvesting other cereal crops in one operation by changing the header.

Cost of Machine : Rs.12-14 lakh

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8.7 SUGARCANE HARVESTER

Features:

It is a chopper harvester with a cleaning system. This harvester is used to cut green cane (with leaves). It can cut one/two rows of cane at a time.  The cane is fed between the crop dividers and is cut at the root zone by base cutter blades. The cane is then fed through the roller train and is cut by the chopper drums into small cane pieces of 24.5 to 30 cm. It is then cleaned in the primary extractor before being conveyed on the elevator. It is then cleaned again with the secondary extractor and loaded onto a vehicle for transportation. In ideal conditions, the harvester can cut nearly 400 tonnes of sugarcane per day.

Specification:

Transmission                                    :

 
 Tyres                                             :

Tracks                                            :

Primary Extractor                              :

Hood rotation                                   :

Elevator

Overall dimension (l x w x h) (m)          : 

Engine Power (hp/kW)                        :

 

 

Two hydrostatic pumps providing variable speed (Wheel machine: 0 to 24.6 km/h) (Track machine: 0 to 9.0 km/h)

Front 14x17.5 - 14 Ply, Rear 23.5x25 - 20 Ply

Sealed track chains

Polyethylene plastic 152 cm

Hydraulically controlled

Loading to either side

15.14 x 2.50 x 6.23

337/252.75

          

Uses:

It is used for harvesting sugarcane. It de-tops the cane from the top, cuts it from the base, strips the cane and cuts it into billets and also removes the trash and simultaneously loads the cut billet into the trolley

Approx. Cost of Machine : Rs.105 lakh/-

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8.8 COTTON PICKER

Features:

Cotton picker machines, often called spindle-type harvesters, remove the cotton from open bolls and leave the bur on the plant. The spindles, which rotate on their axes at high speeds, are attached to a drum that also turns, causing the spindles to penetrate the plants. The cotton fibers are wrapped around the moistened spindles and then removed by a special device called a doffer; the cotton is then delivered to a large basket carried above the machine

 Specifications:

Forward Speed(km/h)                         :     2.92- 5.0

Effective Field Capacity (ha/day)      :     2.24- 4.4         

Machine picking efficiency (%)        :      75 95

Fuel consumption( lit/h)                    :       22

Uses:

Picking of Cotton from the cotton

Cost: 120,00,000- 125,00, 000.

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8.9 STRAW BALER

Sell automatic straw pick-up baler-Onekin international group

Features:

The tractor PTO operated machine consists of reel type straw pick up assembly, and straw compaction and tying units. It automatically picks up the residue straw from field with the help of reel which is transferred into bale chamber with the help of feeder and then straw is compressed with the reciprocating ram into a compact variable length size. It also automatically ties the knots using metal wire or nylon rope.

Specifications:

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Width of pick up reel

Number of knotters

Cross section of the bale chamber (mm)

Twine box capacity

No. of plunger strokes per minute

Plunger stroke length (mm)

Wheel tread (mm)

Flywheel diameter (mm)

 Power Source (hp/kW)

 

:      5550

:      2600

:      1950

:      1540

:      2

:      400 x 460

:      Four spools

:      75 at 2000 engine rpm

:      764

:      2100

:      560

:      35/26.5 or above tractor

Uses:

 Straw balers are used for baling of straw into bales of rectangular cross section.

 Cost of Machine : Rs.5,00,000/-

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8.10 STRAW REAPER /STRAW COMBINE

Straw Combine Harvester

Features:

Straw combine operated by tractor PTO has cutter bar reel, feeding auger and bruising cylinder like a traditional thresher. Straw thrown and stubble left by the grain combine is collected by straw combine and delivered to the cylinder concave section, where it is cut into pieces and passed through the concave. A reciprocating cutter bar is used for reaping the standing stubbles and the portion of the straw left uncut by the combine harvester. Straw, which passes through the concave, is aspirated by a blower and fed into a trolley on rear side covered by a wire net. For recovering the left grains from the straw, a sieve system is provided below the concave.

Specifications:

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Length of cutter bar

Height of cut

Diameter of reel (mm)

Width of reel (mm)

Width/Dia. of threshing drum (mm)

Threshing drum speed (rpm)

Blower diameter (mm)

Blower width (mm)

Number of blowers

Machine capacity (ha/h)

Power requirement (hp/kW)

 

 

:      3370-5350

:      2145-2400

:      2210

:      1830

:      60

:      435-485

:      1920-1935

:      1025-1250/525-625

:      650

:      660

:      230

:      1-2

:      0.40

:      35/26.25 tractor or above

 

Uses:

Straw combines are used to recover wheat straw left standing after combine operation. It also helps in recovering about 50 kg grain per hectare.

 Cost of Machine : Rs.1,25,000/-

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8.11 GROUNDNUT HARVESTER

Features:

It consists of a digging blade, an elevator shaker, idlers, driving sprockets two gauge wheels, and gearbox. The front end of the picker elevator is adjusted in accordance with the depth of working of the blade. The soil-engaging tool is made of 50 mm thick x 100 mm wide x 180 mm length straight mild steel blade with 150-degree rake angle and is fixed to a main frame 232 through shanks at both sides. The pickup conveying mechanism of length 1200mm is made of two 600 mm endless ship chains spaced 1800 mm apart. The angle of the shaker conveyor is 45 degrees with horizontal and has a length of 1200 mm. The digger is operated by a tractor of 35 hp or higher. The PTO through a telescoping shaft supplies power to the gearbox of the machine. It digs the groundnut vines below the pod zone and elevates them by an elevator-picker for dropping on the ground at the rear of the machine. The soil attached to the vines is shaken off in the process and a windrow is formed with the help of deflector fenders.

Specifications:

Length (mm) 

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Type

Weight (kg)

Capacity (ha/day)

Power requirement (hp)

 

 

:     2050

:     2100

:     1150

:     Mounted implement

:     300

:     2

:     35 and above, tractor

Uses:

For harvesting and windrowing groundnut crop at soil moisture levels of 8 -15 % dry basis.

Cost of Machine : Rs.50,000/-

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