4.1 M.B Plough 4.2 Reversible Two Bottom M.B. Plough
4.3 Disc plough 4.4 Tyne Type Cultivator 
4.5 Disc Harrow 4.6 Duckfoot Cultivator
4.7 Rotavator 4.8 Cultipacker
4.9 Post-hole digger  










It is tractor operated implement and it consists of share point, share, mouldboard, landside, and frog, shank, frame and hitch system. The share point is of bar type and is made from high carbon steel or low alloy steel. The share is also made from high carbon steel or low alloy steel. Both are hardened and tempered to suitable hardness (about 45 ARC). The working of the plough is controlled by hydraulic system of the tractor. Mould board plough is a primary tillage implement.


No. Of bottom                        :            2 - 4                   

Length (mm)                             :           1778-2392

Width (mm)                              :          889-1194

Height (mm)                             :           1092-1092

Weight (kg)                              :           253-386

Capacity (ha/day)                    :            1.5-2.0       

Power requirement(hp/kW)      :          30-40 /22.5-30, tractor                       



This is used for primary tillage operations. It cuts trash and buries it completely. It is also used for turning green manure crop for decaying under the soil, which adds humus to the soil. It is also used for turning and mixing compost, farmyard manure or lime into the soil.

Cost (Rs) :     25,000-40,000



The two bottom reversible plough is a unique implement, which is directly mounted to the tractor.  This is a hydraulically /mechanically operated basic implement for preparation of land.  It is very useful for primary tillage in hard and dry trashy land.  The Mould Board retain their mirror finish at all time contributing to well turned furrows.  The plough has special wear resistant steel bottoms with bar points for toughest ploughing jobs.  Bar point bottom ensures longer life as it can be extended or reversed.  The m.b. bottom reversing mechanism is operated by a lever provided on the distributor.  When the implement is hitched, plough bottom is free to rotate 180 degree along the axis of the hollow shaft.


Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Weight (kg)

Plough bottom

Reversing mechanism

Speed of operation (Km per hour)

Area covered (ha / h)

Field efficiency (%)


:      320

:      367 (at front)

:      260

:      Four (Two on each side)

:      Hydraulically / Mechanically operated

:      3 to 4

:      0.20 to 0.25

:      90

Power requirement (hp/kW)                                  :      65/48.75 & above

Uses: It is used for primary tillage operation and does not leave any dead furrow or uneven surface in the field. It works on both left and right side and the plough bottom can be reversed with the help of a mechanically or hydraulically operated lever.

Cost: Rs 60,000- 1,20,000/-

DSC04509lpimage164.3 DISC PLOUGH

4.3 Disc plough








The plough consists of common main frame, disc beam assemblies, rockshaft category-1 or category-2, a heave spring loaded furrow wheel and a gauge wheel. In some model disc plough is designed to operate as 2, 3 or 4 bottoms, by adding or removing sub beams the sub beam assemblies according to requirement. The disc angle ranges from 40-450 to obtain the desired width of cut and the tilt angle ranges from 15-25 0 for penetration. Disc plough is used for primary tillage and it is specially used where M.B. Plough is not useful such as hard and dry soil.


Number of furrows                         :     2-4

Disc size (mm)                    :     600-800

Length (mm)                                   :     1180-2362

Width (mm)                                    :     889-1194

Height (mm)                                   :     1092-1118

Width of cut per disc (mm)             :     200-300

Adjustable working width (mm)  :     600-1200

Working depth (mm)                      :     up to 300

Weight (kg)                                  :     236-376

Power requirement (mm)                :     25-50/17.25-37.5, tractor


 Disc plough is used for primary tillage and is especially useful in hard and dry, trashy, stony or stumpy land conditions and in soil where scoring is a major problem

Cost  (Rs)  :    30,000-45,000








Cultivator consists of a frame, tynes (fixed or spring loaded) having reversible shovels and 3-pont hitch system. Cultivators are primarily used for intercultural operation after the crop has come up a few centimetres above the ground. But cultivator is also used for opening the land, preparing the seed bed and sowing of the seeds as well cultivators for the secondary tillage are available as animal drawn and tractor drawn. In medium and light soil duck foot type cultivators are also used for primary tillage operation.


Duck foot type cultivator

Number of sweep                                                       :      5-7

Length (mm)                                                              :      1980-2310

Width (mm)                                                               :      839-1150

Height (mm)                                                              :      1000-1050

Weight (kg)                                                               :      200-300

Power requirement (hp/kW)                                     :      25-50/18.75-37.5, tractor       

Shovel type cultivator

Number of tynes                                                       :      7-11

Cutting width (mm)                                                  :      1500-2400

Cutting depth (mm)                                                  :      175-225

Weight (kg)                                                              :      127-350

Power requirement (hp/kW)                                    :      25-60/18.75- 45, tractor



Duck foot type cultivator is used for tillage operation, destruction of weeds and retention of soil moisture. Shovel type cultivator is used for seed bed preparation, also used for intercultural operation by adjusting the tynes as per row spacing.

 Cost (Rs)  : 15,000-25,000









The tractor mounted disc harrow consists of two gangs of discs mounted one behind the other. The disc on front gang throws soil outwards and the rear gang inward. Therefore, no soil remains uncut by the offset disc harrow. Disc harrow is secondary tillage implement. It is used after the primary tillage. It is used to break the clods developed during primary tillage operation.


Length (mm)                                                  :       1980-2260

Width (mm)                                                    :      1150-1900

Height (mm)                                                   :      1143-1350

Number of discs                                              :      10-16

Diameter of discs (mm)                                  :      457-660

Pitch of discs                                                   :      228-280

Weight (kg)                                                     :      330-490

Capacity (ha/day)                                             :     2.5

Power requirement (hp/kW)                             :     20-60/15-45, tractor          


It is suitable for secondary tillage operation for breaking clods and preparing seed bed for sowing purpose.

 Cost (Rs)  :  25,000-60,000




The duckfoot cultivator consists of a box type steel rectangular frame, rigid tines and sweeps. The sweeps are triangular in shape similar to foot of duck, hence called duckfoot cultivator. The sweeps are made from old leaf spring steel and fixed to tines with fasteners, which makes them replaceable after being worn out or becoming dull. The tines are made of mild steel flat and forged to shape.  It is a tractor-mounted implement and depth of operation is controlled by hydraulic system. The sweep cultivator is popular in black cotton soils. This cultivator is mostly used in hard soils for shallow ploughing.


Number of sweeps                          :      5,7,9

Length (mm)                                   :     1980-2810:

Width (mm)                                    :     830-1150

Height (mm)                                   :    1000-1050

Weight (Kg)                                   :    200 -300

Power requirement (hp/kW)          :    25-50/18.75-37.5, tractor


Used for primary tillage operation, destruction of weeds and retention of soil moisture

Cost of Machine : Rs.25,000/-


DSC04461Rotary Tiller4.7 ROTAVATOR









It consists of a steel frame, 3-point hitch system, a rotary shaft on which blades are mounted, power transmission system and a gearbox. The blades are of L-shape, made from medium carbon steel or alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness It uses the power from tractor PTO. Rotavator is used as both primary and secondary tillage operations. A good seedbed and pulverization of the soil is achieved in a single pass of the rotavator. It is used in both dry land and wet land conditions. It is also suitable for incorporating straw and manure in the field. The power requirement will vary depending upon the width of the rotavator.


Weight  (kg)                             :           230-310

Working width   (mm)   :           1200-1720

Working depth   (mm)              :           80-100

Rotor speed  (rpm)                   :           210-240

Capacity  (ha/hr)                     :           0.38-0.5       

Power Source                          :           35-65 hp tractor (depending upon size)


 It is used as both primary as well as secondary tillage operations. It is also useful for puddling the field before paddy transplanting.

 Cost  (Rs) :      70,000-1,00,000









The implement consists of number of cast iron V- shaped rollers mounted on three axles. The implement can be operated either with one or three gangs. Sometimes it can be attached behind disc harrow (trailing type) to affect compaction for moisture conservation. It is trailed type implement used for breaking the clods and compaction of soil and thereby conserving the moisture.


Gang span (mm)                                   :           1425

Number of gangs                                  :           1-3

Working width with 3 gangs (mm)    :    3200-4100

Number of rollers in each gang          :   14

Roller width (mm)                                 :           102

Roller diameter (mm)                            :           46

Roller weight (kg)                                :            26

Weight (single gang) (kg)                  :            450

Total weight (kg)                                 :            1350

Power Requirement(hp/kW)             :            35/26.25, tractor


Breaking of clods and packing of soil and thereby conserving moisture.

 Cost (Rs)  : 60,000-1,50,000




It consists of a frame, three point hitch system and an auger. For operation of auger, it gets drive from tractor PTO shaft. The diameter and the depth of hole can be changed by changing auger assembly. It is used to dig pits for planting trees as well as digging pits for fencing purpose. Single and double pits post- hole diggers are also available. The double pit post hole diggers are being used for planting sugarcane setts in the pits and studies have shown that sugarcane shown by pit method gives higher yield.


Field capacity  (pits/h)        :      12

Size of the augers  (mm)                 :      200, 250, 300

Cost of operation (Rs./pit)             :      12-15

Power Source(hp/kW)                  :      35 /26.25, tractor


Used for digging holes for plantation/horticulture crops. Also used to dig holes for farm fencing.

 Cost (Rs) :   70,000-1,25,000