5.0 SOWING EQUIPMENT

 


                                  5.1 SEED-CUM-FERTILIZER DRILL

Features:

 

The seed cum fertilizer drill consists of a seed box, fertilizer box, seed and fertilizer metering mechanisms, seed tubes, furrow openers, seed and fertilizer rate adjusting lever and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The fluted rollers are driven by a shaft which gets power from wheels. Fluted rollers fixed in the seed box, receive the seeds into longitudinal grooves and drop them in the seed tube attached to the furrow openers. By shifting the rollers sideways, the length of the grooves exposed to the seed, can be increased or decreased and hence the amount of seed sown can be varied.

       

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Number of furrow opener

Furrow opener

Size of feed shaft (mm)

Size (diameter) and number of flutes

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Weight (kg)

Power source (hp/kW)  

 

:      1940-2310

:      970-1560

:      1070-1350

:      Fluted roller

:      Gravity feed with agitator

:      9-13

:      Reversible shovel

:      16-19

:      42.7-49.2 and 9-11

:      66241-10308

:      63310-10141

:      224-328

:      35/26.25, tractor

                                          

 Uses:

Seed cum fertilizer drills are used for drilling of wheat and other cereal crops in already prepared field.

 Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/

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5.2 ZERO-TILL DRILL

 

Features:

 

Zero-till-drill consists of frame, seed box, fertilizer box, seed metering mechanism, fertilizer metering mechanismí, seed tubes, furrow opener seed/fertiliser adjusting mechanism and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The frame is made from mild steel box section. The tynes are mounted with the help of clamps, to obtain infinite row spacing. The main difference between zero-till drill and conventional drill is that it has inverted T-type furrow opener fixed on the tynes instead of reversible shovels type furrow openers. The main advantage of inverted t-type furrow openers is non formation of clods, lower draft requirement and easier penetration in the soil.

 

Specifications

 

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Power transmission

Furrow opener

No of furrow opener

Size of fertilizer shaft (mm)

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Weight (kg)

Power requirement(hp/KW)

 

 

 

:      1960-2310

:      970-1560

:      1070-1350

:      Fluted roller

:      Adustable opening with agitator

:       Chain and sprockets

:       Inverted T -type

:       9-13

:      20-22.3

:      66241-10308

:      63310-10141

:      150- 220

:      35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

Zero-till-drills are used for sowing wheat crop in unprepared field after harvesting of paddy.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

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5.3 STRIP-TILL DRILL

Features:

 

Strip-drill consists of a standard seed drill with a rotary attachment mounted in the front. The rotary system has C-type blades, which prepare a 75 mm wide strip in the front of every furrow opener. Thus with every row, 125 mm of the strip is left untilled and only 40 percent of area is tilled. Tilling and sowing is done simultaneously.

 

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Power transmission

Furrow opener

Number of flanges on the rotary

Number of blades on each flange

Type of blade

Opening width of blade (mm)

Number of furrow opener

Size of feed shaft (mm)

Size (diameter), mm and number of flutes

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Ground wheel diameter (mm)

Weight (kg)

Source of power (hp/kW)

 

 

 

:     1960-2310

:     970-1560

:     1070-1350

:     Fluted roller

:     Gravity fed with an agitator

:     Chain and sprockets

:     Inverted T -type /reversible shovel

:     9-11

:     6

:     C type

:     75

:     9-11

:     16-19

:     42.7-49.2 and 9-11

:     66241-10308

:     63310-10141

:     390-450

:     220-330

:     35-45 /26.25- 33.75, Tractor

Uses:

It is used for sowing wheat after paddy without any prior seed bed preparation. It can save 50-60 % fuel and 65-75 % time as compared to conventional method The machine also helps in increasing the yield because of timely sowing of crop.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.50,000/-

     
   

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5.4 TRACTOR MOUNTED DIRECT RICE SEEDER

Features:

 

It is an attachment the commercially available tractor mounted cultivator for direct sowing of paddy in dry land conditions. The direct seeder consists of seed box, seed metering disc, ground wheel, cultivator shovel, furrow closer, clutch lever, power drive system, and frame. The seed metering mechanism consists of discs fitted with cups mounted close to its periphery. During operation, discs rotate, the cup pick up rice seeds

 

Specifications:

 

Dimensions (LxWxH) (m)      

:

2.35xl.lxl.1

Weight (kg)

:

390

Number of rows

:

9

Seed metering

:

Cup feed type

Power transmission

:

Chain and sprockets

Furrow opener

:

Reversible shovels

Seed hopper capacity (kg)

:

48

Seed rate (kg/ha)

:

45

Width of coverage (mm)

:

1830

Depth of coverage (mm)

:

25-35

Operating speed (km/h)

:

3.0

Field capacity (ha/h)

:

0.68

Field efficiency (per cent)

:

75

Fuel consumption (lib)

:

4.5

Labour requirement (man-h/ha)

:

14.5

Power source (hp/kW)

:

30/22.50, tractor

 

Uses:

It is an attachment to the commercially available tractor mounted cultivator for direct sowing of paddy in dry land conditions.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs. 50,000/-

 

 

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5.6 SEED-CUM-FERTILISER DRILL WITH PLANTER ATTACHMENT

 

 

 

 

Features:

 

In the inclined plate planter, planting attachment has been attached to the commercially available seed-cum-fertilize drills. The planting attachment consists of hopper, inclined plate metering mechanism fitted in the hopper, furrow openers, ground wheel, power transmission mechanism and seed tubes. For operation, the seed is filled in the hopper, seeds are picked up by the cells of inclined plate and delivered in the opening connected to furrow opener through seed tubes. It can plant 6 rows of groundnut at a spacing of 30 cm in addition to number of other crops like maize, cotton, soybean, sunflower etc. Seed-metering mechanism in planting attachment is of inclined plate type with notched cells for each row. Row to row spacing and plant-to-plant spacing is adjustable. Plant to plant spacing can be varied by changing the transmission ratio. The drive to the metering         mechanism is given through the ground wheel by means of chains, sprockets and bevel gears.

 

 

Specifications:

Length (mm)                                            

Width (mm)   

Height (mm)

Number of rows in planter attachment  

Seed metering mechanism                  

Fertilizer metering  

Furrow openers   

Seed hopper capacity (kg) 

Power transmission 

Power Source (hp/kW) 

 

 

 

: 970

: 2350

: 1120

: 6 (maximum)

: Inclined plate with cell

: Adjustable opening with agitators

: Reversible shovel

: 10-20 for different crops

: Chain and sprockets and bevel gears

: 35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 Inclined plate planters are used for sowing bold grains like maize, soybean, groundnut and cotton etc.

 

Cost: Rs 65,000/-

 

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5.6 RAISED BED PLANTER

 

Features:

 

The raised bed planter consists of a frame, planting hoppers, fertilizer box, furrow openers, bed shaper and power transmitting wheel. The frame is made of mild steel sections. The furrow openers are ridger type and have mould board and share point. The wings of the mould board can be adjusted. The share is made of medium carbon steel or alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. The machine makes two beds. Machine can sow two or three rows of wheat on each bed. Machine has seed metering unit of vertical disc type. The draft requirement of the machine is reduced due to roller type bed shaper

 

Specification:

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Power transmission seed metering

Furrow openers

Bed shaper

Number of rows for sowing wheat per bed

Weight (kg)

Power required (hp/kW)

 

 

 

:      2850

:      1700

:      1440

:      Vertical disc type with grooves

:      Vertical disc type with grooves

:      Chain and sprockets

:      Ridger type

:      Roller type

:      2-3

:      400

:      35/26.25 or above tractor

 

Uses:

 

Bed planter makes bed and sows crops simultaneously and suitable for wheat, maize, peas etc. Vegetables seeds can also be sown by the planter.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.40,000/-

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5.7 SUGARCANE CUTTER PLANTER

 

 

Features:

It is a whole stick sugarcane cutter planter and consists of ridger body attached to frame, sett cutting unit, fertilizer application unit, chemical application unit, sett covering unit and seed box. The whole planter carries its total weight on two rubber tyres. While in transportation mode, wheel allows the machine to be transported to the planting site and while planting, load is carried by the wheels, which ensure desired depth of penetration and weight of the machine making tractor hydraulic lift free. Cutting of the cane into 350 mm length is done automatically in the machine and sett is treated with insecticides at the cutting point. The sets are placed in the furrow created by ridger bodies automatically with overlapping upto 30%. The pesticide is also sprayed on the ends of sett in the furrows. The seed placed in the furrow is covered immediately after the chemical treatment and rows are leveled by the leveler provided at the rear of the machine. The machine is tractor PTO driven.

 

Specifications

Length (mm)                                               

Width (mm)                                                

Height (mm)                                              

Number of rows                                          

Row to row spacing (mm)                          

Sett cutting mechanism                              

Seed placement                                           

Field capacity (ha/day)                                

Capacity of fertilizer box (kg)                    

Capacity of seed box (kg)                           

Capacity of insecticide tank (lit.)                

Power requirement(hp/kW)                         

 

 

: 2130

: 2030

: 2135      

: 2

: 600-750

: Automatically

: Regularly width 50 mm overlap

: 2-2.4

: 50

: 400

: 100

: 35-50/26.25-37.50, tractor

     

 

Uses:  

It is used for planting of sugarcane. It cuts the seed sett of desired length, opens the furrows, places the sett in the furrow opened, applies fertilizer, chemical treatment of sett and covers the sett simultaneously.

Cost of Machine : Rs.1,00,000/-

 

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5.8 MAT TYPE RICE TRANSPLANTER

Features:

 

It is a six-row rice transplanter using mat type seedlings.  The six row machine is a riding type and employs a double acting transplanting mechanism for enhanced transplanting speed and in turn high field capacity. The double acting transplanting mechanism is run with, one sun and four planetary gears. The machine has provision for adjustments of number of seedlings per hill, depth transplanting and hill-to-hill distance. The depth of transplanting is maintained constant, automatically -during transplanting. The row-to-row spacing is 300 mm and five setting of hill to-hill distance from 120 to 220 mm can be fixed depending on desired plant population. The machine is provided with six spare seedling racks for filling of trays intermittently. The machine is powered with a 12 hp air cooled petrol engine and it is provided with power steering. Depth of transplanting can be set from 15 to 45 mm. It is also available in walking type version and in some cases also provided with a seat.

 

Specifications

Overall length (mm)

Overall width (mm)

Overall height (mm)

Weight (kg)

Engine type

Maximum output (rpm)

Starting method

Steering,

Transplanting section

Number of rows

Planting width (cm)

Transplanting speed (m/sec)

 

 

:      3020

:      2140

:      1530

:      570

:      4-cycle, air-cooled OHV gasoline

:      12.0-1800

:      Electric

:      Power steering

 

:      6

:      30

:      0.24-1.3

Uses:

It is used for transplanting of mat type rice nursery in the puddle field.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.4-6 lakh

   

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5.9 VEGETABLE TRANSPLANTER

Features:

 

The machine consists of seedling tray, seat for the operator, furrow opener, compaction wheels, finger guide tunnel, picker wheel type metering mechanism. Picking forks has spring mounted rubber flappers, which open before passing through the tunnel and close during its passage. These flappers open again at the bottom end of the tunnel to release the seedlings in a furrow. The inclined wheels compact the soil around the seedlings. Two persons one for each row sitting on the machine is required to place the seedlings in the flappers when these open at the top position. The root side of the seedlings is kept towards the operator.

 

Specification:

 
Length (mm) 

Width (mm) 

Height (mm)

Number of rows

Metering mechanism

Number of picking fingers

Type of pickers

Row spacing (mm)

Watering arrangement

Diameter of ground wheel (mm)

Machine weight(kg)

Power source (hp/kW)

: 1850

: 1520

: 1160

: 2

: Picker wheel type

: 10   

: Rubber flappers

:  600

: Two nozzles

: 520

: 225

: 35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:  

Vegetable transplanters are used for transplanting seedlings of vegetables such as, brinjal, cauliflower, chillies, tomatoes etc.

 

Cost (Rs)  : 35,000-40,000

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