5.0 SOWING AND FERTILIZER APPLICATION EQUIPMENT

 

5.1

 

Seed-Cum-Fertilizer Drill

5.2

Zero-Till Drill

5.3

Raised bed planter

5.4

Sugarcane Cutter Planter

5.5

 

Mat Type Rice Transplanter

5.6

Vegetable Transplanter

 

 

 


 

5.1 SEED-CUM-FERTILIZER DRILL

Features:

The seed cum fertilizer drill consists of a seed box, fertilizer box, seed and fertilizer metering mechanisms, seed tubes, furrow openers, seed and fertilizer rate adjusting lever and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The fluted rollers are driven by a shaft which gets power from wheels. Fluted rollers fixed in the seed box, receive the seeds into longitudinal grooves and drop them in the seed tube attached to the furrow opener. By shifting the rollers sideways, the length of the grooves exposed to the seed, can be increased or decreased and hence the amount of seed sown can be varied.

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Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Number of furrow opener

Furrow opener

Size of feed shaft (mm)

Size (diameter) and number of flutes

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Weight (kg)

 

:††††† 1940-2310

:††††† 970-1560

:††††† 1070-1350

:††††† Fluted roller

:††††† Gravity feed with agitator

:††††† 9-13

:††††† Reversible shovel

:††††† 16-19

:††††† 42.7-49.2 and 9-11

:††††† 66241-10308

:††††† 63310-10141

:††††† 224-328

Power source (hp/kW)†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :††††† 35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

Seed cum fertilizer drills are used for sowing of wheat and other cereal crops in already prepared field

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/


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5.2 ZERO-TILL DRILL

 

Features:

Zero-till-drill consists of frame, seed box, fertilizer box, seed metering mechanism, fertilizer metering mechanismí, seed tubes, furrow opener seed/fertiliser adjusting mechansim and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The frame is made from mild steel box section. The tynes are mounted with the help of clamps, to obtain infinite row spacing. The main difference between zero-till drill and conventional drill is that it has inverted T-type furrow opener fixed on the tynes instead of reversible shovels type furrow openers. The main advantage of inverted t-type furrow openers is non-formation of clods, lower draft requirement and easier penetration in the soil.

 

Specifications

 

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Power transmission

Furrow opener

No of furrow opener

Size of fertilizer shaft (mm)

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Weight (kg)

Power requirement(hp/KW)

 

 

 

:††††† 1960-2310

:††††† 970-1560

:††††† 1070-1350

:††††† Fluted roller

:††††† Adjustable opening with agitator

:†††††† Chain and sprockets

:†††††† Inverted T -type

:†††††† 9-13

:††††† 20-22.3

:††††† 66241-10308

:††††† 63310-10141

:††††† 150- 220

:††††† 35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

Zero-till-drills are used for sowing wheat crop in unprepared field after harvesting of paddy.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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5.3 RAISED BED PLANTER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Features:

It consists of a seed box, fertiliser box, seed and fertiliser metering mechanism, 3-ridgers, chain, sprockets, transmission wheels, seed/fertiliser cut-off levers and rollers for compacting the beds. The planters form the flat ridges on which seeds are sown. As seeds are sown on the ridges hence root growth is better and increased yield is obtained. The furrows formed are used for irrigation purpose.It is suitable for sowing wheat, maize, peas etc. Vegetable seed can also sown by this planter.

 

Specification:

Suitability††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† :††††††† ††††††† Wheat, maize, peas, pulses etc.

Power Source††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† :††††††† ††††††† 45 hp tractor

Weight(kg) †††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††:††††††† ††††††† 230

Overall dimensions(mm)††† ††††††††† :††††††† ††††††† 1200x2200x1200

(LxWxH)

Working width(mm)††††††††† ††† ††††††:††††††† ††††††† 1800

Capacity (ha/h)†††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††:††††††† 0.26†††††††††

Uses:

 

Sowing wheat on beds for economical use of irrigation water and fertilizer in light and medium soils.

 

Cost†† (Rs)††† :††††† 45,000†††

 

 

 

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 5.4 SUGARCANE CUTTER PLANTER

 

 

Features:

It is a whole stick sugarcane cutter planter and consists of ridger body attached to frame, sett cutting unit, fertilizer application unit, chemical application unit, sett covering unit and seed box. The whole planter carries its total weight on two rubber tyres. While in transportation mode, wheel allows the machine to be transported to the planting site and while planting, load is carried by the wheels, which ensure desired depth of penetration and weight of the machine making tractor hydraulic lift free. Cutting of the cane into 350 mm length is done automatically in the machine and sett is treated with insecticides at the cutting point. The sets are placed in the furrow created by ridger bodies automatically with overlapping upto 30%. The pesticide is also sprayed on the ends of sett in the furrows. The seed placed in the furrow is covered immediately after the chemical treatment and rows are leveled by the leveler provided at the rear of the machine. The machine is tractor PTO driven.

 

Specifications

 

Length (mm)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Width (mm)†††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††:

Height (mm)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Number of rows†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Row to row spacing (mm)†††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Sett cutting mechanism†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Seed placement††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Field capacity (ha/day)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Capacity of fertilizer box (kg)†††††††††††††††††††† :

Capacity of seed box (kg)††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

Capacity of insecticide tank (lit.)†††††††††††††††† :

Power requirement(hp/kW)††††††††††††††††††††††††† :

 

 

 

2130

2030

2135††††††

2

600-750

Automatically

Regularly width 50 mm overlap

2-2.4

50

400

100

35-50/26.25-37.50, tractor

Uses:

It is used for planting of sugarcane. It cuts the seed sett of desired length, opens the furrows, places†††

the sett in the furrow opened, applies fertilizer, chemical treatment of sett and covers the sett

simultaneously.

Cost of Machine : Rs.1,00,000/-

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5.4†† MAT TYPE RICE TRANSPLANTER

Transplanter1

Features:

It is a single wheel driven and fitted with diesel engine. The machine is riding type and it transplants seedlings from mat type nursery in eight rows in a single pass. The drive wheel receives power from the engine through V-belt, cone clutch and gearbox. A propeller shaft from the gear box provides power to the transplanting mechanism mounted over the float. The tray containing mat type nursery for rows is moved sideways by a scroll shaft mechanism, which converts rotary motion received from the engine through belt-pulley, gear and universal joint shaft into linear motion of a rod connected to the seedling tray having provision to reverse the direction of movement of tray after it reaches the extreme position at one end. Fixed fork with knock out lever type planting fingers (cranking type) are moved by a four bar linkage to give the designed locus to the tip of the planting finger.It is used to transplant paddy in the puddled field. Self-propelled mat type paddy transplanters are also available.

 

Specification:

 

No's of rows†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :†††††† 6-8

Length (mm)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :†††††† 2410

Width (mm)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :††† ††2130

Height (mm)†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :††††† 1300

Row spacing(mm)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :††††† 238

Distance between hills (mm)†††††††††††††††††††††† :††††† 140 &170

Weight (kg)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††:††††† 320

Working capacity (ha/h)†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :†††† 0.57

Prime mover (hp/kW)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† :††††† 4.4/3.3, Air cooled, diesel engine

 

Uses:

 

It is used for transplanting of paddy seedlings.

 

Cost(Rs) : 1,75,000-10,00,000

 

 

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5.6 VEGETABLE TRANSPLANTER

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Features:

The machine consists of seedling tray, seat for the operator, furrow opener, compaction wheels, finger guide tunnel, picker wheel type metering mechanism. Picking forks has spring mounted rubber flappers, which opens before passing through the tunnel and closes during its passage. These flappers open again at the bottom end of the tunnel to release the seedlings in a furrow. The inclined wheels compact the soil around the seedlings. Two persons one for each row sitting on the machine is required to place the seedlings in the flappers when these open at the top position. The root side of the seedlings is kept towards the operator.

 

Specification:

 

Length (mm)†††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 1850

Width (mm)††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 1520

Height (mm)††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 1160

Number of rows†††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 2

Metering mechanism ††††††††† †††††††††††:†††††† Picker wheel type

Number of picking fingers††† †††††††††† :†††††† 10†††††

Type of pickers††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† Rubber flappers

Row spacing (mm)†††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 600

Watering arrangement††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† Two nozzles

Diameter of ground wheel (mm)††††† :††††† 520

Machine weight(kg) †††††††††††††††††††††††:†††† 225

Power source (hp/kW)††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

Vegetable transplanters are used for transplanting seedlings of vegetables such as, brinjal, cauliflower, chillies, tomatoes etc.

 

Cost (Rs): 35,000-40,000

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5.6 VEGETABLE TRANSPLANTER

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Features:

The machine consists of seedling tray, seat for the operator, furrow opener, compaction wheels, finger guide tunnel, picker wheel type metering mechanism. Picking forks has spring mounted rubber flappers, which opens before passing through the tunnel and closes during its passage. These flappers open again at the bottom end of the tunnel to release the seedlings in a furrow. The inclined wheels compact the soil around the seedlings. Two persons one for each row sitting on the machine is required to place the seedlings in the flappers when these open at the top position. The root side of the seedlings is kept towards the operator.

 

Specification:

 

Length (mm)†††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 1850

Width (mm)††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 1520

Height (mm)††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 1160

Number of rows†††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 2

Metering mechanism ††††††††† †††††††††††:†††††† Picker wheel type

Number of picking fingers††† †††††††††† :†††††† 10†††††

Type of pickers††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† Rubber flappers

Row spacing (mm)†††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 600

Watering arrangement††††††††††††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† Two nozzles

Diameter of ground wheel (mm)††††† :††††† 520

Machine weight(kg) †††††††††††††††††††††††:†††† 225

Power source (hp/kW)††††††† †††††††††† :†††††† 35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

Vegetable transplanters are used for transplanting seedlings of vegetables such as, brinjal, cauliflower, chillies, tomatoes etc.

 

Cost (Rs): 35,000-40,000

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