5.0 SOWING AND FERTLISER APPLICATION EQUIPMENT

 

 

5.1

5.2

 

Fertilizer Broadcaster

Seed-Cum-Fertilizer Drill

5.3

Zero-Till Drill

5.4

Strip-Till Drill

5.5

Rapeseed-Mustard Seed Drill

5.6

Ridger Seeder

5.7

5.8

5.9

5.10

5.11

 

Ridge Planter for Maize

Pneumatic Multi-Crop Planter

Mat Type Rice Transplanter

Potato Planter

Vegetable transplanter

 

 

5.1 FERTILIZER BROADCASTER

 

       Tractor Mounted

             Manual

Features

This equipment is used for broadcasting of granular fertilizer and small seeds of crop as well. The equipment is available in hand operated as well as tractor operated version. The hand operated broadcaster is kept in front of the operator with the help of shoulder straps provided with it and can be operated with the help of a handle. The tractor operated version is rear mounted and is operated by its PTO. The broadcaster, both versions, mainly consists of a hopper and a spinning disc. The seed or fertilizer from the hopper is made to fall on the spinning disc rotating at high speed, which in turn spreads the seed /fertilizer, uniformly all around due to centrifugal force. The flow of the material to the spinning disc can be controlled by a shutter plate.

 

Specifications:

                               Tractor Operated

Power Source:       Agricultural tractor                 

                               35hp/26.5 kW

Hopper Capacity:           300 Kg

Weight of Machine :      100 Kg

Height of machine:        180 cm

 

Area covered:               2.50 ha/h

 

 

   Manually Operated

   One person

 

  Hopper Capacity : 10 kg

  Weight: 4 Kg

  Overall dimension (length, width and  

   height) = 41 cm, 38.5 cm and 41 cm.

   Area covered: 1.0 ha/h

 

 

Uses:

 

Used for broadcasting of granular fertilizer and seeds evenly into the field as per the required rate.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs 12000 (Tractor Operated) and Rs.2500/-(Manual)

   

 

 
 

5.2 SEED-CUM-FERTILIZER DRILL

Features:

 

The seed cum fertilizer drill consists of a seed box, fertilizer box, seed and fertilizer metering mechanisms, seed tubes, furrow openers, seed and fertilizer rate adjusting lever and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The fluted rollers are driven by a shaft which gets power from wheels. Fluted rollers fixed in the seed box, receive the seeds into longitudinal grooves and drop them in the seed tube attached to the furrow openers. By shifting the rollers sideways, the length of the grooves exposed to the seed, can be increased or decreased and hence the amount of seed sown can be varied.

       

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Number of furrow opener

Furrow opener

Size of feed shaft (mm)

Size (diameter) and number of flutes

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Weight (kg)

 

:      1940-2310

:      970-1560

:      1070-1350

:      Fluted roller

:      Gravity feed with agitator

:      9-13

:      Reversible shovel

:      16-19

:      42.7-49.2 and 9-11

:      66241-10308

:      63310-10141

:      224-328

Power source (hp/kW)                                  :      35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

Seed cum fertilizer drills are used for sowing of wheat and other cereal crops in already prepared field

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/

5.3 ZERO-TILL DRILL

 

Features:

Zero-till-drill consists of frame, seed box, fertilizer box, seed metering mechanism, fertilizer metering mechanismí, seed tubes, furrow opener seed/fertiliser adjusting mechanism and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The frame is made from mild steel box section. The tynes are mounted with the help of clamps, to obtain infinite row spacing. The main difference between zero-till drill and conventional drill is that it has inverted T-type furrow opener fixed on the tynes instead of reversible shovels type furrow openers. The main advantage of inverted t-type furrow openers is non formation of clods, lower draft requirement and easier penetration in the soil.

 

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Power transmission

Furrow opener

No of furrow opener

Size of fertilizer shaft (mm)

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Weight (kg)

Power requirement(hp/KW)

 

 

:      1960-2310

:      970-1560

:      1070-1350

:      Fluted roller

:      Adjustable opening with agitator

:       Chain and sprockets

:       Inverted T -type

:       9-13

:      20-22.3

:      66241-10308

:      63310-10141

:      150- 220

:      35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 Zero-till-drill is used for sowing wheat crop in unprepared field after harvesting of paddy. It saves Rs 2000-3000 per hectare, 20-30 time and labour. It also saves one pre-irrigation.

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

 

5.4 STRIP-TILL DRILL

Features:

 

Strip-drill consists of a standard seed drill with a rotary attachment mounted in the front. The rotary system has C-type blades, which prepare a 75 mm wide strip in the front of every furrow opener. Thus with every row, 125 mm of the strip is left untilled and only 40 percent of area is tilled. Tilling and sowing is done simultaneously.

 

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Power transmission

Furrow opener

Number of flanges on the rotary

Number of blades on each flange

Type of blade

Opening width of blade (mm)

Number of furrow opener

Size of feed shaft (mm)

Size (diameter), mm and number of flutes

Seed box capacity (cm3)

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

Ground wheel diameter (mm)

Weight (kg)

Source of power (hp/kW)

 

 

     1960-2310

:     970-1560

:     1070-1350

:     Fluted roller

:     Gravity fed with an agitator

:     Chain and sprockets

:     Inverted T -type /reversible shovel

:     9-11

:     6

:     C type

:     75

:     9-11

:     16-19

:     42.7-49.2 and 9-11

:     66241-10308

:     63310-10141

:     390-450

:     220-330

:     35-45 /26.25- 33.75, Tractor

Uses:

It is used for sowing wheat after paddy without any prior seed bed preparation. It can save 50-60 % fuel and 65-75 % time as compared to conventional method The machine also helps in increasing the yield because of timely sowing of crop.

Cost of Machine : Rs.50,000/-

5.5 RAPESEED-MUSTARD SEED DRILL

 

Features:


The rapeseed-mustard drill consists of mild steel angle iron frame, seed hopper, fluted roller mechanism for metering of seeds, lugged ground wheels, power transmission system, seed tubes and furrow openers. The seed drill is tractor drawn implement. The fluted rollers are specially designed for metering of rapeseed-mustard seeds. The fluted roller is 50 mm in diameter and has 10 grooves of 2 x 2 mm slots. Adjusting seed metric mechanism can vary the seed rate. The operation of seed drill is similar to other seed cum fertilizer drills.

 

Specifications

 

Weight (kg)                                                    

Number of rows                                             

Furrow opener                                    

Seed rate (kg/ha)                                            

Width of coverage (mm)                                

Depth of placement (mm)                              

Operating speed (km/h)                                 

Field capacity (ha/h)                                      

Field efficiency (per cent)                  

Labour requirement (man-h/ha)

 Power requirement (hp/kW)                                                              

 

 

 

:      120

:      4

:      Hoe type

:      3.0-4.00

:      1500

:      30-40

:      5-7

:      0.6

:      62

:      3-4

:      30/22.5, tractor

Uses:

 

It is suitable for sowing of small seed such as, rapeseed, mustard and millets.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

5.6 RIDGER SEEDER

 

Features:

 

The unit consists of a tilling mechanism having 6 numbers of cultivator tynes with shovels, a ridging mechanism having 3 numbers of adjustable ridgers  and a planter  having seed hopper with cup feed seed metering device for seed, ground wheel, transmission system and row markers.  Separate furrow openers and closers are eliminated in this unit. The row spacing can be altered by fixing the ridger bottoms and cultivator tynes to the appropriate holes provided in the main frame, The plant spacing can be varied by changing the sprockets or the number of cups in the seed metering disc. The desired depth of seed placement can be obtained by moving the seed tube.

 

Specification:

 

Type

Overall dimensions(mm)

Seed metering                                                

Weight(kg)

Capacity(ha/h)

Power requirement(hp/kW)

 

 

 

 

:      Tractor mounted 

:      2400 x 1750 x 1100 

:      Cup feed type

:      300

:      0.40

:     35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

It is used for making ridges and furrows. In kharif sowing can be done on ridges and in rabi season the sowing can be done in the furrows.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

5.7 RIDGER PLANTER FOR MAIZE

Features:

 

It is a tractor-operated implement and consists of seed hopper, seed metering plate, chain drive system, seed tubes, ground wheel, furrow opener, ground wheel tension spring, ridger bottom and ridger beam. The seed-metering device is of inclined plate type and has cells on its periphery. The ridger body consists of two mould boards (M.B.) and share mounted in the front. The share is made of medium carbon steel or alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. The seed metering mechanism receives power from the ground wheel. During operation, the cells of inclined plate pick up one or two seeds and drop it on the top/side of the ridge through a seed tube. The planting unit is mounted on commercially available ridger.

Specifications

Dimensions (l x W x H) (m)

Number of rows

Weight (Kg)

Seed metering device

Furrow opener

Width of coverage (mm)

Depth of placement (mm)

Operating speed (km/h)

Field capacity (ha/h)

Field efficiency (per cent)

Power requirement (hp/kW)

 

 

:      0.77 x 1.53 x 1.04

:      4-6

:      70

:      Inclined plate

:      Reversible shovel

:      1200

:      30-40

:      2.0-2.5

;      0.20-0.25

:      60-70

:      45/33.75, tractor

 

Uses:

 

It is suitable for planting maize crop and other similar crops on one side of ridges.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

 

5.6 RIDGER SEEDER

 

Features:

 

The unit consists of a tilling mechanism having 6 numbers of cultivator tynes with shovels, a ridging mechanism having 3 numbers of adjustable ridgers  and a planter  having seed hopper with cup feed seed metering device for seed, ground wheel, transmission system and row markers.  Separate furrow openers and closers are eliminated in this unit. The row spacing can be altered by fixing the ridger bottoms and cultivator tynes to the appropriate holes provided in the main frame, The plant spacing can be varied by changing the sprockets or the number of cups in the seed metering disc. The desired depth of seed placement can be obtained by moving the seed tube.

 

Specification:

 

Type

Overall dimensions(mm)

Seed metering                                                

Weight(kg)

Capacity(ha/h)

Power requirement(hp/kW)

 

 

 

 

:      Tractor mounted 

:      2400 x 1750 x 1100 

:      Cup feed type

:      300

:      0.40

:     35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

It is used for making ridges and furrows. In kharif sowing can be done on ridges and in rabi season the sowing can be done in the furrows.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

 

 

 

 

 

5.7 RIDGER PLANTER FOR MAIZE

Features:

 

It is a tractor-operated implement and consists of seed hopper, seed metering plate, chain drive system, seed tubes, ground wheel, furrow opener, ground wheel tension spring, ridger bottom and ridger beam. The seed-metering device is of inclined plate type and has cells on its periphery. The ridger body consists of two mould boards (M.B.) and share mounted in the front. The share is made of medium carbon steel or alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. The seed metering mechanism receives power from the ground wheel. During operation, the cells of inclined plate pick up one or two seeds and drop it on the top/side of the ridge through a seed tube. The planting unit is mounted on commercially available ridger.

Specifications

Dimensions (l x W x H) (m)

Number of rows

Weight (Kg)

Seed metering device

Furrow opener

Width of coverage (mm)

Depth of placement (mm)

Operating speed (km/h)

Field capacity (ha/h)

Field efficiency (per cent)

Power requirement (hp/kW)

 

 

:      0.77 x 1.53 x 1.04

:      4-6

:      70

:      Inclined plate

:      Reversible shovel

:      1200

:      30-40

:      2.0-2.5

;      0.20-0.25

:      60-70

:      45/33.75, tractor

 

Uses:

 

It is suitable for planting maize crop and other similar crops on one side of ridges.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.35,000/-

 

 

 

5.8 PNEUMATIC MULTI-CROP PLANTER

Features:

 

Tractor mounted pneumatic planter consists of a centrifugal blower operated by the PTO of a tractor which is used to provide the necessary air pressure to pick up and release the seeds in the metering mechanism. It is a six-row (2 or 4 optional) machine, operated by a tractor of 35 hp/26.25 kW or more to plant single seed at predetermined seed/row spacing. It consists of main frame, aspirator blower, disc with cell type metering plate, individual hopper, furrow openers, PTO driven shaft, ground drive wheel etc. It is suitable to plant seeds of mustard ,sorghum ,soybean cotton, pigeon pea, maize, groundnut, okra etc

Specification:

Overall Dimensions

Length x Width x Height (mm)

Weight (kg)

Draft(N)

Working width (mm)

Working depth (mm)

Operating speed (km/h)

Field capacity (ha/h)

Field efficiency (%)

Power requirement(hp/kW)

 

 

:      1450 x 2450 x1250

:      200

:      2000

:      2000-3000

:      0-5.0

:      3.0 to 5.0

:      0.5-1.0

:      60-65

:      35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses:

 

It is used to plant individual seeds at the pre-determined seed/rows pacing.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.50,000/-

5.9 MAT TYPE RICE TRANSPLANTER

Features:

 

It is a six-row rice transplanter using mat type seedlings.  The six row machine is a riding type and employs a double acting transplanting mechanism for enhanced transplanting speed and in turn high field capacity. The double acting transplanting mechanism is run with, one sun and four planetary gears. The machine has provision for adjustments of number of seedlings per hill, depth transplanting and hill-to-hill distance. The depth of transplanting is maintained constant, automatically -during transplanting. The row-to-row spacing is 300 mm and five setting of hill to-hill distance from 120 to 220 mm can be fixed depending on desired plant population. The machine is provided with six spare seedling racks for filling of trays intermittently. The machine is powered with a 12 hp air cooled petrol engine and it is provided with power steering. Depth of transplanting can be set from 15 to 45 mm. It is also available in walking type version and in some cases also provided with a seat.

Specifications

Overall length (mm)

Overall width (mm)

Overall height (mm)

Weight (kg)

Engine type

Maximum output (rpm)

Starting method

Steering,

Transplanting section

Number of rows

Planting width (cm)

Transplanting speed (m/sec)

 

:      3020

:      2140

:      1530

:      570

:      4-cycle, air-cooled OHV gasoline

:      12.0-1800

:      Electric

:      Power steering

 

:      6

:      30

:      0.24-1.3

Uses:

 

It is used for transplanting of mat type rice nursery in the puddle field. It is available in six and eight row versions. It is riding type and self-propelled type. 

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.2-6 lakh

5.10 POTATO PLANTER

Features

 

The automatic potato planter has a hopper, two picker heels for picking the tubers, seed tubes, furrow openers, three bottom ridger to form two ridges, a fertilizer metering system and a frame. Hopper is rectangular in shape at the top with sides slopping towards bottom. At the bottom of the hopper, agitators are provided to improve the delivery of potato tubers to feeder. The agitators and the screw conveyors ensure proper feed of the tubers to the picker unit. The picker units of the planter are set in motion from the ground wheel. The planter has fertilizer distributors for the application of fertilizers during planting.

Specifications

 

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Number of rows

Number of vertical plates

Number of spoons on the vertical plate

Diameter of vertical planting plate (mm)

Ground wheel diameter (mm)

Power transmission gear ratio

Power source (hp/kW)

 

 

:      1800

:      1500

:      1680

:      Actuating fingers mounted on vertical Disc

:      2

:      2

:      10

:      64

:      520

:      0:11

:      35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses

 

Potato planters are used for sowing of potato crop. It saves 74 % labour and 60 % cost of planting as compared to semi automatic potato planter.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.75,000/-

 

5.10 POTATO PLANTER

Features

 

The automatic potato planter has a hopper, two picker heels for picking the tubers, seed tubes, furrow openers, three bottom ridger to form two ridges, a fertilizer metering system and a frame. Hopper is rectangular in shape at the top with sides slopping towards bottom. At the bottom of the hopper, agitators are provided to improve the delivery of potato tubers to feeder. The agitators and the screw conveyors ensure proper feed of the tubers to the picker unit. The picker units of the planter are set in motion from the ground wheel. The planter has fertilizer distributors for the application of fertilizers during planting.

Specifications

 

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Seed metering mechanism

Number of rows

Number of vertical plates

Number of spoons on the vertical plate

Diameter of vertical planting plate (mm)

Ground wheel diameter (mm)

Power transmission gear ratio

Power source (hp/kW)

 

 

:      1800

:      1500

:      1680

:      Actuating fingers mounted on vertical Disc

:      2

:      2

:      10

:      64

:      520

:      0:11

:      35/26.25, tractor

 

Uses

 

Potato planters are used for sowing of potato crop. It saves 74 % labour and 60 % cost of planting as compared to semi automatic potato planter.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.75,000/-

 

5.11 VEGETABLE TRANSPLANTER

Features

 

The vegetable seedling transplanter consists of two modular planting units having three-point hitch, toolbar, clamps, furrow opener, covering wheel, operator's seat and transplanting finger assembly. It has provision for seating two operators who place the seedlings on the moving chain, which carries the seedlings to the planting mechanism. Two inclined wheels having a small flange at its outer periphery help in the placement of the seedlings and cover the soil. It is operated with a tractor of 35-40 hp and is suitable for transplanting of vegetable seedlings like tomato, chilly, cauliflower, cabbage, brinjal etc.

 

Specifications

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Weight (kg)

Row spacing (mm)

Plant spacing (mm)

Seeding height (mm)

Forward speed (km/h)

Field efficiency (%)

Labour requirement (man-h/ha)

Fuel consumption (lib)

Missing hills (%)

Seedlings in prostrate condition (%)

 

 

:       1700

:       2000

:       1000

;       200

:       60-100

:       20-80

:       15 or more

:       0.75-0.90

:       60-80

:       40-50

:       3.5-4.5

;       3-9

:       7.0-13.5

 

Uses

 

It is used for transplanting seedlings of vegetables like tomato, brinjal, chillie etc.

 

Cost of Machine : Rs.40,000/-